In the European Union alone, the agri-food sector generates an overwhelming 113 million tons of organic waste annually. Within these waste materials lie valuable substances that hold potential for utilization in food products, animal feed, and cosmetics. Unfortunately, this potential largely goes unrealized, as approximately 75% of this organic waste finds its way into landfills or incineration facilities, leading to a substantial loss of resources.
The challenge lies in effectively utilizing mixed waste as it contains a mixture of organic matter and impurities like plastic, cardboard, glass, metal, etc. This heterogeneous composition makes it challenging to separate the waste and utilize it efficiently. Technical limitations in removing impurities and logistical difficulties due to the scattered nature of different agents further complicate the process, making the cost-benefit ratio of valorisation less favourable.